A Closer Look at Root Canal Treatment: What You Need to Know

Tooth decay is the most prevailing dental problem that affects people of all ages. This can compromise your masticatory functions, and the symptoms can be distressing. Extensive tooth decay that cannot be treated through regular fillings may require more definite care in the form of root canal treatment. 

The Piedmont dentist specializes in root canal treatments to repair and restore an extensively diseased or damaged tooth for complete oral rehabilitation. 

A comprehensive guide to root canal treatment 

Root canal therapy (RCT) is the most widely used dental restorative procedure to remove inflamed or infected pulp. It is the centermost portion of the tooth that contains nerves, connective tissues, and blood vessels. Finally, the canals are carefully cleaned and disinfected, then filled and sealed with a biocompatible material such as gutta-percha. 

Your doctor may recommend root canals for the following reasons:

  • Severe tooth pain while chewing or biting
  • A chipped or cracked tooth
  • Tooth discoloration
  • Deep dental decay
  • Trauma to the tooth
  • Extreme sensitivity to hot or cold, even after removing the stimuli
  • Swollen and tender gums
  • Darkening of the gums

Root canal treatment- steps involved

Root canal therapy is a safe procedure that can be performed in one to two dental appointments, depending on your cooperation and the extent of infection spread.

The procedure is as follows:

  • Your doctor will isolate the affected tooth with a rubber dam to control moisture.
  • The area around the tooth will be numbed through local anesthesia
  • Using ultrasonic instruments, your dentist will remove the decay and debris from the tooth surface.
  • An access opening will be made to expose the infected pulp and remove it completely. 
  • The root canals will be cleaned to flush out the bacteria and debris. Ultrasonic files will help prepare the canals and later be filled with gutta-percha. This seals your tooth and prevents re-infection.

Recovery after root canal therapy 

Post root canal therapy, it is normal to experience mild pain and discomfort around the treated tooth. 

Your dentist will advise the following instructions for the initial few days for quick recovery and optimal healing:

  • Avoid eating hard food substances
  • Avoid extremely hot or cold things since you may experience an increased sensitivity
  • Rest and take your pain medications and antibiotics as directed

Root canal therapies are excellent alternatives to extraction. These dental procedures retain the natural tooth structure, thereby restoring the oral form, function, and aesthetics.